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How a Painting is Created

It all begins with a silkworm. The silkworm feeds on the leaves of the mulberry tree and spins a cocoon around itself.
The cocoon is soaked in water to loosen the threads. The threads are placed on a winding bobbin. A machine unrolls the cocoon, winding the silk from the cocoons together to make silk thread.
The silk threads are woven into cloth. Habotai (meaning soft as down) silk has a smooth, even weave and therefore is the most popular silk for painting. The artist tacks  the silk tightly across stretcher bars.
The design is applied to the silk using gutta, a liquid somewhat like rubber cement. This forms an impenetrable resist.
Dyes are applied inside and around the resist with a brush. The dyes spread across the silk rapidly. Any combinations of colors must be  mixed while the dyes are still wet. Once the dyes are applied they cannot be removed
The finished painting is rolled into a coil, wrapped and steamed for 2 to 3 hours. Steaming bonds the dyes to the fibers, and brings out the brilliance of the colors.
After steaming, the fabric is rinsed and dry-cleaned to remove the gutta. The painting is ironed to remove creases. Some creases will remain due to the high temperatures at which the fabric is steamed.

The painting is stretched tightly across acid-free matboard. Professional framing processes prevent moisture or insects from entering the frame.